This article examines challenges in seeking justice for conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) survivors in Kosovo. It analyses the roles and responsibilities of international missions and how deficiencies impact the prosecution and adjudication of CRSV by Kosovo’s justice system. A key question is why two decades after the 1998–1999 war in Kosovo survivors of CRSV cannot find justice? The end of the international mandates, the large number of war crime cases transferred, unfinished files, and the necessity for specific expertise in handling the gender-based violence are some of the existing challenges which undermine the prosecution and adjudication of crsv in Kosovo. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) established accountability for sexual violence in armed conflicts. This article seeks to scaffold the ICTY experience by developing an accurate and comprehensive understanding of the nature of CRSV and by examining its impact on survivors and victims’ alike. This paper then explores how a contexualist interpretation of international and domestic criminal law provisions can prioritise the prosecution of CRSV amid other pressing needs in Kosovo.
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