Access to water in Donbass and Crimea : attacks against water infrastructures and the blockade of the North Crimea Canal
Marco Pertile, Sondra Faccio
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Review of European, comparative and international environmental law, Vol. 29, issue 1, April 2020, p. 56-66
This article analyses two situations currently endangering water security in Donbass and Crimea, highlighting the international law obligations of the actors involved. First, the article analyses the ongoing armed conflict in Donbass, exploring what responsibilities may be envisaged under the applicable rules of international humanitarian law and international criminal law for the actors involved in the continuous attack and damaging of water facilities. Second, the article focuses on the legality of Ukraine’s decision to block the North Crimea Canal, thereby stopping the flow of water towards the occupied territory of Crimea. The question is whether this action can be qualified as a lawful sovereign decision or whether there are international rules limiting Ukraine’s discretion. The article analyses the legal obligations of both Ukraine and the Russian Federation under general international law, international humanitarian law and human rights law.
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