This is an edited version of a paper published by the ICRC in June 2019.
There are two broad – and distinct – areas of application of AI and machine learning in which the ICRC has a particular interest: first, its use in the conduct of warfare or in other situations of violence; and second, its use in humanitarian action to assist and protect the victims of armed conflict. This paper sets out the ICRC's perspective on the use of AI and machine learning in armed conflict, the potential humanitarian consequences, and the associated legal obligations and ethical considerations that should govern its development and use. It also makes reference to the use of AI tools for humanitarian action, including by the ICRC.
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