The Oxford guide to international humanitarian law
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2020
Probably the most fundamental rule in international humanitarian law is that a distinction must be made between civilians and combatants and between civilian objects and military objectives. In addition to this general notion, certain categories of persons and objects receive specific protection, typically because they are seen as particularly vulnerable. These categories of specifically protected persons and objects are the focus of this chapter. The aim is to provide a tour d'horizon of the various categories. Some of them - namely the wounded and sick, as well as the protection accorded to cultural property - are adressed in detail in order to illustrate the legal mechanisms used to implement special protection.