International humanitarian law in occupied East Timor : displacement, relocation and famine
Asia-Pacific perspectives on international humanitarian law
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2020
This contribution engages with three aspects of the many issues of international humanitarian law (IHL) arising from the Indonesian invasion and occupation of East Timor,1 and 1999 retreat. It takes up the matter of the unlawful displacement and relocation of hundreds of thousands of civilians during the invasion and subjugation of the territory, throughout the years of occupation, and after the 1999 UN-sponsored referendum on the territory’s future. The early displacement and relocation led not just to immense suffering and loss, and dislocation of families and communities, but eventually resulted in the further tragedy of famine. The present contribution will then build on the discussion about unlawful displacement and relocation to address the central question of why IHL failed the East Timorese.
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