Four Geneva Conventions of 1949 : a Third World view
Revisiting the Geneva Conventions : 1949-2019
Leiden : Brill Nijhoff, 2019
Bibliography : p. 213-214
Looking at the 1949 Geneva Conventions as the product of particular historical times, this chapter critically evaluates the four Geneva Conventions from the standpoint of the Third World. It underlines that most of the Third World was under colonial rule during the negociations leading to the adoption of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, preventing these geographical areas from participating to the development of the law. The chapter identifies three issues - colonial occupation, colonial conflicts, and the red cross emblem - and evaluates how the Conventions either failed to address them or prioritized only those aspects which were of concern to the developed and dominant States, while either ignoring these issues or rejecting them in the negotiation process.
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