Humanitarianism in Chinese traditional military ethics and international humanitarian law training in the People's Liberation Army
Asia-Pacific perspectives on international humanitarian law
Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2020
In 1949, the four Geneva Conventions (Geneva Conventions) on international humanitarian law (IHL) were adopted. Coincidentally in the same year, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was founded. The PRC ratified the four conventions in 1956 and their two Additional Protocols in 1983. The duty to implement these treaties lies mainly with the State parties. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) plays an important role in the PRC’s fulfilment of its treaty obligation under the Geneva Conventions in both peace and war time. The subject of this chapter is to examine, in the case of PLA of China, the practical implementation of IHL and the inherent humanitarian spirit in Chinese traditional military ethics on which the philosophy of IHL is based.