Neutrality challenged in a cold war conflict : Switzerland, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the Angolan war
Host item entries:
Cold war history, Vol. 18, no. 2, 2018, p. 203-220
The Swiss government's actions in Angola in the 1970s highlight its aim to improve the credibility of its neutrality policy in Southern Africa, which was greatly challenged in the global Cold War context. Drawing on Swiss, US, British, and International Committee of the Red Cross archival sources, this paper argues that the Swiss authorities' participation in the relief mission of the ICRC during the Angolan War permitted them to benefit from this organisation's good image. Switzerland's early recognition of the People's Republic of Angola was closely coordinated with European political leaders and underlines the country's increased independence from Washington during Détente.