Section 1 of the report gives a brief overview of the issues and the research objectives and the methodology. Section 2 looks in more detail at the idea of humanitarian principles and how it has changed as a result of recent political developments. Section 3 examines conceptual and organisational aspects of the principles of humanitarian action. Section 4 provides a comparative analysis of the conflicts in Liberia and South Sudan. Section 5 looks in detail at mechanisms and presents the findings of how they operated in practice. And section 6 provides overall conclusions and recommendations.