Human trafficking for criminal exploitation and participation in armed conflicts : the Colombian case
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Crime, law and social change, No. 69, 2018, p. 421-444
Carolina Villacampa, Katherine Flórez
Bibliographie : p. 443-444. - Photocopies
This paper shows how human trafficking for criminal exploitation can occur in armed conflicts in which adults and children are recruited to fight. It proposes that these people’s status as victims should be taken into account when determining the degree of their criminal responsibility within the framework of a transitional justice process such as the one applied in Colombia under the 2005 Justice and Peace Act. It presents the results of a study carried out with 20 women inmates in Colombian prisons who were members of guerrilla groups and were demobilised. It is possible to identify them as victims of trafficking for criminal exploitation even though they have not been classified as such. In 80% of the analysed cases, the women suffered episodes of victimisation that led them to join the armed group, often against their will. These episodes involved the use of means to recruit them and to force them to stay active in the group that show they underwent a genuine process of human trafficking.