Development of treaties limiting or prohibiting the use of certain weapons : the role of the International Committee of the Red Cross
Kathleen Lawand and Isabel Robinson
Humanizing the laws of war : the Red Cross and the development of international humanitarian law
Cambridge [etc.] : Cambridge University Press, 2017
This chapter examines more closely the ICRC's role in the development of IHL applying to chemical and biological weapons, anti-personnel mines, cluster munitions and explosive remnants of war, blinding laser weapons, and arms transfers. In each of these cases, the typical features of the ICRC's approach to weapons of concern are discussed, along with some of the challenges the organization has faced. The cases presented are some of the more prominent areas where the ICRC has played an important role in developing the law. It should be stressed that this chapter focuses primarily on development of the law, and does not address the work of ICRC in promoting implementation of weapons treaties. On the basis of the case studied, the chapter draws some concluding observations on the ICRC's role in the development of IHL applying to weapons, on changes in the landscape of humanitarian diplomacy in recent years, and on areas of possible normative developments.