The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Additional Protocols of 1977
Humanizing the laws of war : the Red Cross and the development of international humanitarian law
Cambridge [etc.] : Cambridge University Press, 2017
This chapter highlights tensions and challenges during the process that led to the adoption of the 1977 Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions and points out the role the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) played in alerting States to persistent regulatory insufficiencies and protective gaps. It considers the role of the ICRC in the preparation of and the results achieved by the Diplomatic Conference on the reaffirmation and development of international humanitarian law applicable in armed conflicts (1974-1977) and notes that the conceptual work of the ICRC was the decisive foundation for the elaboration of the Additional Protocols. Recalling the political nature of many debates, the chapter also underlines some difficulties underestimated by the ICRC and some resulting loopholes, such as the protection of the victims of non-international armed conflicts or the issues of nuclear weapons and protection of the natural environment.