The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Geneva Conventions of 1949
Humanizing the laws of war : the Red Cross and the development of international humanitarian law
Cambridge [etc.] : Cambridge University Press, 2017
This chapter looks closely at how the ICRC helped to prepare the drafts for the 1949 Diplomatic Conference, how it influenced the negotiations during the conference, and how it continued to have an impact on the interpretations of the Conventions long after their adoption and indeed up until today. Since the four Geneva Conventions, the travaux préparatoires and the minutes from the conference as such cover hundreds and probably even thousands of pages, this contribution focuses on certain crucial legal provisions and innovations which stood out from the results of the 1949 Diplomatic Conference or which highlight especially the important role the ICRC played.