Muddied waters : the influence of the first Hague conference on the evolution of the Geneva Conventions of 1864 and 1906
War, peace and international order ? : the legacies of the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907
London ; New York : Routledge, 2017
In this chapter Neville Wylie analyses the impact of the 1899 Hague Convention (III), which extended the Geneva rules for the alleviation of the care of the sick and wounded in time of war to warfare at sea. When historians write about the first Hague conference, they tend to offer only a sentence or two to the third Hague convention and imply that its creation was as good as guaranteed. Wylie revises our understanding of these negotiations. He also emphasises how diplomatically contested the idea of expanding the Geneva Conventions was at the time and, in so doing, makes a convincing case for the first Hague conference's importance in legitimating the Geneva Convention's content and spurring their revision (which occurred in 1906). He argues, above all, for the normative power of the Hague law in promoting Geneva law as a set of principles applicable to the conduct of all armed forces. As such, Wylie connects the Hague and Geneva traditions and suggests that to see them as separate developments muddies our interpretation of their origins and their on-going relevance.