This article focuses on the laws of war regulating wars of national liberation in a post-decolonization context. It looks at the legal regime governing armed conflicts where the right of self-determination of peoples who have been dominated, occupied and racially discriminated against by their own governments through so-called "internal colonization" is disputed. Acknowledging that the international community often treats fights for self-determination as mere “situations of internal disturbances and tensions” or non-international conflicts in order to prevent the political or territorial fragmentation of States, the author presents a series of arguments supporting the application of Article 1(4) of Additional Protocol I to fights for self-determination in a decolonized world.
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