This chapter commences with an overview of the efforts to prohibit the use of chemical and biological weapons by means of the 1899 and 1907 Hague Conventions and 1925 Geneva Protocol. This is followed by a brief discussion of the negotiation of the Biological Weapons Convention and the Chemical Weapons Convention, including efforts to strengthen the Biological Weapons Convention. The chapter then outlines the role of other international agreements in helping to achieve these humanitarian objectives in our changing world. The chapter concludes with reflections on some of the current and future challenges to the prohibition of chemical and biological weapons.
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