According to the unclassified annex to the United States Standing Rules of Engagement, U.S. forces have two basis for using force: self-defense or mission accomplishment. However, both often prove to be impractical on the battlefield, thus causing confusion and frustration amongst the troops. The author argues that a third and more suitable basis for the use of force exists - namely the authority to attack any person who is directly participating in hostilities - and should therefore be included in the U.S. use of force policy.
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