Whether the criteria contained in the 1989 International Convention against the Recruitment, Use, Financing and Training of Mercenaries notably motivation apply to today's foreign fighters ? / José L. Gómez del Prado
To protect the right of peoples to self-determination enshrined in its Charter, the United Nations adopted instruments to fight against mercenary activities and the crime of mercenarism. These actions were developed within the context of Jus ad bellum or the prerequisites, established in the UN Charter, under which States may resort to the use of armed force. In 1991, UN abandoned the recommendation made by the International Law Commission to maintain the crime of mercenarism in the code of crimes against the peace and the security of mankind. Instead, UN adopted the 1989 Convention which definition of mercenary based on Article 47 of Additional Protocol I under jus in bello, sets out a number of prerequisites revolving around the foreign character of the mercenary and his motivation. Such conditions are at the origin of the difficulties to apply the 1989 Convention that has proved unworkable to deal with the phenomenon of mercenarism.