This article analyses the Syrian conflict from an IHL point of view. The author argues that while the situation is fluctuating from one week to another, a central element has not changed in more than five years: the armed conflict in Syria is and remains a non-international armed conflict (NIAC), notwithstanding the fact that the complex foreign interventions have occasionally presented a clear and present danger of its eventual transformation into an international armed conflict. Particular attention is given to the phenomenon of the so-called “Islamic State”, which, according to the author, is the most peculiar attribute of the Syrian NIAC.
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