The challenges in the implementation of international humanitarian law : general report = Les défis de la mise en oeuvre du droit international humanitaire : rapport général / Peter Heblij, Jean-Michel Cambon
Suivi des rapports nationaux : Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Ireland, Jordan, Morocco, The Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom
The 20th Congress of the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War in the spring of 2015 dealt with the challenges in the implementation of international humanitarian law. On September 22nd, 2013 the outlines for a questionnaire on this subject were discussed in a special workshop. The meaning of "implementation" in this respect is not just the legal obligation to formally implement treaty law into national laws, it also covers compliance with the rules. During the workshop three facets to implementation were identified: prevention, control and repression. From these three angles a wide variety of derivative and related subjects were discussed, such as: imperfect implementation, international criminal law, lessons to be learned from other areas of law, the Swiss ICRC initiative, responsibilities for countries not directly involved in the armed conflict, non-state actors, and the shaping of a "legal conscience". This report provides an overview of the findings on the basis of contributions from the following nations: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Ireland, Jordan, Morocco, The Netherlands, Paraguay, Switzerland.