The implementation of international humanitarian law and the International Committee of the Red Cross
Armed conflicts and the law
Cambridge [etc.] : Intersentia, 2016
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) not only actively works with governments to promote respect for international humanitarian law (IHL), it first and foremost assists, in the field, those suffering as a result of armed conflict in various ways. While many other organizations are also active in both of these fields, an overview of the longstanding work of the ICRC allows one to understand many aspects that trouble implementation of IHL. Examining the Committee is one possible approach to analysing these larger problems, recognising that the ICRC has had great impact on IHL and its implementation today. This chapter therefore first addresses the Committee's structure and legal status. Secondly, its leading principles and working methods are elaborated, before thirdly explaining the legal basis for the ICRC's activities. Fourthly, the wide variety of the Committee's activities is highlighted to indicate the many fields the ICRC is engaged with in preventing and alleviating suffering in war. And finally, the last section explores some of the challenges the Committee faces today.