In this chapter William Boothby looks at trends in technological development and considers whether the law can cope with them. The technologies that seem to be changing, or about to change the conduct of hostilities are remote attack using remotely controlled platforms, such as drones, autonomy in attack, cyber warfare, the use of novel chemical and biological substances, warfare in outer space and metamaterials. He concludes that the law is essentially capable of coping with these technological developments, but questions whether States will continue to abide by some of the existing rules. In particular he cautions against the extensive research that is reportedly currently being undertaken into incapacitating chemical agents and into synthetic biology, as it might suggest that the long-standing customary prohibitions on, respectively, chemical and biological weapons is going to be called into question.
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