International responsibility and military operations
Boris Kondoch and Marten Zwanenburg
The handbook of the international law of military operations
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2015
This chapter discusses international responsibility of States and international organizations in military operations. International responsibility in the context of military operations refers to the legal consequences arising from wrongful acts committed during such operations. International responsibility entails the obligation to cease the internationally wrongful act if it is continuing, and the obligation to make full reparation in the form of restitution, compensation, rehabilitation, satisfaction, or guarantees of non-repetition. A State is responsible for conduct consisting of an act or omission that is attributable to the State and that breaches an international obligation of the State. International organizations are responsible for conduct attributable to them and which breaches an international obligation of the organization, in principle in the same way as States. The responsibility under international law of an international organization or State for wrongful acts committed during a military operation does not affect the individual criminal responsibility of the perpetrator.