A reflection on the phrase "widespread or systematic" as part of the definition of crimes against humanity
Avitus A. Agbor
Shielding humanity : essays in international law in honour of Judge Abdul G. Koroma
Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff, 2015
This paper examines the definition of crimes against humanity and argues that the inclusion of a caveat - "widespread or systematic" - descriptive of the attack implicitly speaks of crimes against humanity as group crimes which require the existence of a joint criminal enterprise for their planning, preparation or commission.