Moving from the mechanics of accountability to a culture of accountability : what more can be done in addition to prosecuting war crimes ?
Helen Durham and Eve Massingham
Accountability for violations of international humanitarian law : essays in honour of Tim McCormack
New York ; London : Routledge, 2016
While acknowledging the importance of international criminal adjudication in enforcement of IHL, Helen Durham and Eve Massingham emphasise the equal relevance of other broader cultural and social factors that encourage compliance with IHL. They remind us that the 1949 Geneva Conventions set out a range of accountability mechanisms, including the obligation to disseminate the texts of the Conventions and the obligations on State to take precautions against the effects of attacks. They argue that accountability involves more than prosecutions and that a wider examination not just of legal normative obligations, but also ways to find connections to ideas of a culture of accountability is increasingly important.