Increasing compliance with international humanitarian law through dissemination
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University of Western Australia law review, Vol. 39, issue 1, June 2015, p. 83-109
This article examines the dissemination of international humanitarian law (IHL) as a means of increasing compliance. The first section considers the legal requirement to disseminate found in treaty and customary law and conclude that dissemination is to be conducted not for its own sake, but to increase compliance. The second section sets out a potential framework for devising a dissemination strategy aimed at increasing compliance in two part. The first part draws on the ICRC Prevention Policy and outlines a four-step process for formulating measurable, context-specific targets that allow the effectiveness of a programme to be tested. The second part identifies what dissemination activities can, and cannot, achieve with a view to assisting IHL practitioners choose an activity that aligns with their objectives. The third discusses dissemination in relation to two important audiences: "key actors" and victims of conflict.