While international humanitarian law (IHL) clearly prohibits the recruitment and use of children in hostilities, it is less clear to whether, and to what extent, IHL protects child soldiers from the other dangers posed by their own military force. In particular, it is less clear whether, and to what extent, IHL protects child soldiers from being raped, sexually enslaved and/or used as “bush wives” by their commanders and fellow soldiers. These issues have recently been the subject of debate and analysis in the case of The Prosecutor v Bosco Ntaganda (“the Ntaganda case”), which is currently before the International Criminal Court (ICC).
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