Grand theft global : prosecuting the war crime of pillage in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
by Holly Dranginis
[S.l.] : Enough project, January 2015
27 p. ; 30 cm
From the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) to the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) to Al-Shabaab, many of the world’s most infamous and destabilizing armed actors today finance their activities in part through the illegal exploitation and trade of natural resources. Theft in the context of armed conflict constitutes the war crime of pillage, which is punishable in most domestic jurisdictions and at the International Criminal Court (ICC). This report focuses on natural resource pillage in eastern Congo and advocates holding all individuals and entities involved accountable for their participation in these crimes, arguing that many could be prosecuted on the basis of pillage, money laundering, and corruption crimes. It formulates recommendations for action to be taken by the ICC, UN and US special envoys to the region and the Congolese justice system.