This contribution addresses the issue of non-state armed actors and international humanitarian law (IHL). The status of non-state armed groups under IHL will be analysed. Due to fundamental concerns, States - the creator of international law - do not grant non-state armed actors any special status under international law. However, the unanimous opinion is that non-state armed actors, too, are bound by IHL ; the reason for this is argued about, though. This contribution highlights the incentives which might improve compliance with IHL by non-state armed actors.
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