In situations of armed conflict, access to the victims thereof is regulated by IHL. The rules of IHL regulating humanitarian access must be respected by all parties to an armed conflict. In that framework, offers of services by an impartial humanitarian organization, such as the ICRC, cannot be interpreted as interference in States’ internal affairs, nor as recognition of or support to a party to the conflict. Yet, parties to armed conflicts sometimes explicitly refuse access altogether or to certain areas. They might also implicitly/indirectly prevent access, for instance by creating legal, administrative and other practical obstacles impeding humanitarian action. In other cases, it is the absence of minimum conditions of security that prevents access by humanitarian personnel to individuals in need. This absence of security may materialize in the worst cases in direct threats and attacks against humanitarian personnel. There are different underlying reasons for recent constraints on humanitarian access. One of them is a growing perception over the last years that humanitarian aid has become more and more politicized. This is why the ICRC constantly seeks to remind and convince parties that its humanitarian action is apolitical and abides in all circumstances by the principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence. It has also repeatedly called over the years for respect for IHL provisions related to humanitarian access.