This chapter offers an Israeli perspective on the self-interest of accountability. Marlene Mazel establishes that Israel’s history, core values and institutional features contribute to its commitment to the law of armed conflict. In this connection, she recalls the Eichmann trial and its legacy for universal jurisdiction. Mazel then follows the current jurisprudence of the Supreme Court of Israel regarding the legality of certain military conduct and the importance of national investigations of alleged violations of the law of armed conflict, where the Court seeks to prevent violations, educate troops and uphold the rule of law. Finally, the Turkel reports are used to illustrate the point that effective accountability mechanisms may affirm the credibility and international image of the military.