Increasing the cost of rape : using targeted sanctions to deter sexual violence in armed conflict
Najwa M. Nabti
Economic sanctions under international law
The Hague : T.M.C. Asser Press, 2015
Bibliographie : p. 67. - Photocopies
Increasingly, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) has applied targeted sanctions against individuals and entities in an effort to deter sexual violence against civilians in conflict. The use of targeted sanctions for this purpose marks a fundamental shift in the international community’s perceptions regarding conflict-related sexual violence, now considered a threat to international peace and security warranting UNSC intervention. This chapter considers the UNSC’s use of targeted sanctions to deter wartime sexual violence, as one available tool within the larger framework of women, peace and security initiatives to combat sexual violence in conflict. While the UNSC’s ability to impose targeted sanctions has the potential for deterrence, improved implementation is needed to increase the cost of permitting or using sexual violence in conflict. The chapter concludes with recommendations to improve the effectiveness of targeted sanctions through consistent, comprehensive, and transparent action against responsible persons.