An overview of human rights violations of vulnerable groups in conflict-settings : current trends and patterns
Carmen Márquez Carrasco
Host item entries:
Ordine internazionale e diritti umani, N. 1, marzo 2015, p. 77-98
This paper provides a specific focus on the list of vulnerable groups which has been identified in the EU Strategic Framework and in EU conflict/crisis management policies: namely, children, women, refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) and indigenous peoples. Those groups have been selected because they represent different approaches of vulnerability: inherent (children), gender-based (women) group-based (indigenous peoples), and depending on a specific status (IDPs and refugees). As regards the methodology, this essay follows a hybrid approach, mixing disciplinary approaches, policy and legal analyses, and provides data compiled by existing databases and human rights reports. In particular, several illustrations of current data on patterns, perpetrators and trends of serious human rights violations committed against selected vulnerable groups are presented. The paper is structured into three sections. Section one is focused on the relationship between human rights violations and conflict. Section two first explains the notion of vulnerability and how this notion relates to the selected vulnerable groups. It then presents an overview of serious human rights violations against those groups taking into account the legal and policy framework with a particular focus on EU instruments.