Identifying the enemy : civilian participation in armed conflict
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2015
XXIII, 255 p. ; 24 cm
Bibliographie : p. 235-248. Index
Over the past twenty-five years, significant changes in the conduct of wars have increasingly placed civilians in traditional military roles - employing civilians to execute drone strikes, the 'targeted killing' of suspected terrorists, the use of private security contractors in combat zones, and the spread of cyber attacks. Under the laws of armed conflict, civilians cannot be targeted unless they take direct part in hostilities. Once civilians take action, they become targets. This book analyses the complex question of how to identify just who those civilians are.