The United Nations in Afghanistan : policy as protection ?
A. Niki Ganz
The protection of non-combatants during armed conflict and safeguarding the rights of victims in post-conflict society : essays in honour of the life and work of Joakim Dungel
Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff, 
This chapter discusses the United Nations' efforts to coordinate the protection of civilians in Afghanistan, focusing on the challenges the UN faces in implementing its mandate as shaped by the competing interests of both the Taliban and international military forces on the ground. Although the UN is able to participate in the establishment of norms for the protection of civilians during peace keeping missions, the track record of success in protecting civilians from harm has been mixed, as evidenced by the metrics of civilian casualties. However, the UN's work in raising the awareness of this problem has been effective in reducing even more grievous injury to an already afflicted population.