Drones and the law of armed conflict : the state of the art
Gleider I. Hernández
The protection of non-combatants during armed conflict and safeguarding the rights of victims in post-conflict society : essays in honour of the life and work of Joakim Dungel
Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff, 
This chapter records Gleider Hernández's presentation at the 2014 Joakim Dungel Lectures in International Justice. The use of drones (unmanned aerial vehicles) has raised a number of questions with respect to the application of principles relating to jus ad bellum and jus in bello. The author seeks to highlight some points about the efficacy and legality of such operations. He highlights a number of legal questions on which there appears to be consensus as to the legality or illegality of such operations, including the applicability of international human rights law, the organisation and intensity thresholds to be met, and the conduct of hostilities. He also discusses many of the points on which there remains serious divergence of views: the threshold to be met for the invocation of a right to self-defence, the geography of conflict, the standards through which to measure direct participation in hostilities, and the obligation to investigate.