This article argues that armed conflict is so widespread and endemic in the world today that it is reasonable to expect that Article 1F(a) of the 1951 Convention relating to the status of refugees - which obliges States to deny the benefits of refugee status to certain persons who would otherwise qualify as refugees - would be used more frequently than appears to the be the case. The article provides a broad overview of the 1951 Convention and of the exclusion clauses. It reviews some of the basic principles of international humanitarian and criminal law as well as how international refugee law intersects with these other branches of public international law. It concludes with a description of the "War crimes and refugee status" research project and a review of how refugee applicants should be excluded from refugee status under Article 1F(a).
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