Premised on a carefully delimited duty of states to employ unmanned systems in the context of obligations owed by states to their citizens under the military-state contract, this chapter explores the moral restraint that should be exercised in the use of these unmanned systems. The first section introduces just war theory as the moral framework of choice for examining the problems associated with the use of unmanned systems. The second and third sections acquaint the reader with the two sets of principles that just war theory has developed into over time : jus ad bellum and jus in bello. The fourth and final section defends just war theory as the most useful tool for assessing the moral justifiability of the use of unmanned systems.
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