Sexual violence against men in armed conflicts : insights from International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia and the War Crimes Chamber of the State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina / Ioannis P. Tzivaras
Sexual violence constitutes a set of offences under international law, particularly after the establishment of the ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals and the permanent International Criminal Court. Through the practice and jurisprudence of the courts, was demonstrated that victims of sexual violence during international or internal armed conflicts are mainly women. Nonetheless, there were many cases where sexual violence focused on men. The Former Yugoslavian war was the breeding ground for adjudicating cases concerning sexual violence against men, along with the inclusion of those cases under the jurisdiction of ICTY and further of the War Crimes Chamber of the State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper examines how sexual violence against men has been adjudicated before the courts, with particular emphasis on the actual data which was deposited before them.