In the past two decades, there has been a huge swing towards the use of international criminal law to deal with violations of international humanitarian law. Although it is a bad idea to treat it as a panacea for all ills, especially when there are other mechanisms that can be very effective, the article looks at the two most relevant justifications given for international criminal processes to the question at hand, the role of prosecutions in increasing compliance with international humanitarian law: deterrence, and denunciation/education.
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