Robots on the battlefield : contemporary issues and implications for the future
[Fort Leavenworth] : Combat Studies Institute Press, 2014
Should new legal models be sought, such as liability for loss or harm caused by objects in one's care (fait des choses), properly suited to encompassing the specific missions and risks inherent to the deployment of robots? Or, conversely, should we content ourselves with applying existing legal provisions by taking the view that the use of robots does not alter the question of the division of liability in relation to the use of force and does not call for any major changes to the fundamentals of the various parties' liabilities if robots are deemed to be equipment? For now, it must be admitted that "unlike air forces which are equipped with attack drones, ground forces remain reluctant to deploy robots with attack capabilities. Control over fire on the ground remains the sole preserve of humans with no technological interface." However, developments are expected which might radically alter the application of certain provisions, and the provisions of international humanitarian law (IHL) in particular. Taking an interest in the legal aspects to military robotics makes it possible to both understand the legal framework of robot deployment and anticipate potential developments.