Published in International law studies under the title "Cyber warfare : implications for non-international armed conflicts"
This article seeks to discuss particular legal issues arising under the laws of armed conflict with regard to the use of military cyber operations in non-international armed conflicts. The analysis proceeds in three steps and will analyze three general questions. The first question that arises when considering the issue of cyber war-fare in non-international armed conflicts is whether cyber operations in and of themselves, without accompanying kinetic military operations, could ever trigger a non-international armed conflict. The second question that arises when considering the issue of cyber warfare in non-international armed conflicts relates to the geographic scope of application of the laws of armed conflict. Finally, the third question relates to the use of cyber operations in the course of an already ongoing non-international armed conflict in which conventional kinetic military means and methods of warfare are being employed.