The International Committee of the Red Cross and human rights law
Research handbook on human rights and humanitarian law
Cheltenham ; Northampton : E. Elgar, 2013
There is nowadays a common agreement that Human Rights Law (HRL) applies in peace and wartime. In the former case, its scope of application obviously includes situations of internal violence. This chapter attempts to scrutinise how the ICRC deals with this law in fulfilling its international mandate in either armed conflicts or situations of internal violence. More precisely, it looks at whether the ICRC can or should take HRL into account in performing its mandate; and secondly, how the ICRC makes use of this law in its day-to-day work. The first part of this chapter focuses briefly on the ICRC’s legal nature, some of its main features and its international mandate in case of armed conflicts or situations of internal violence. This part ends with a legal analysis of the ICRC’s competence in dealing with HRL. The second part presents the ICRC position vis-à-vis HRL from an historical perspective. It finally explores from a practical viewpoint the ways the ICRC uses and applies HRL in its day-to-day work.