Universal human rights bodies and international humanitarian law
Research handbook on human rights and humanitarian law
Cheltenham ; Northampton : E. Elgar, 2013
Unlike human rights law (HRL), international humanitarian law (IHL) does not provide for standing mechanisms monitoring the implementation of its provisions by States parties. Since the end of the Cold War, the UN human rights bodies have started to deal regularly, albeit not systematically, with violations of IHL even though their mandate is focused on HRL, and they have developed several approaches in this regard. This contribution looks at how the UN human rights bodies, in particular the treaty bodies as expert committees monitoring the implementation of the UN human rights conventions, the Human Rights Council as principal intergovernmental body dealing with human rights, and its Special Procedures as independent experts reporting to the Council, presently address IHL and its relationship to HRL. To what extent are the UN human rights bodies ready to explicitly invoke IHL and monitor its implementation? Which are the key IHL issues raised by these bodies? How do they see the relationship between IHL and human rights law? And how can we assess their overall contribution to the monitoring of compliance with IHL?