The occupied and the occupier : the case of Norway
Sigrid Redse Johansen
Searching for a "principle of humanity" in international humanitarian law
Cambridge [etc.] : Cambridge University Press, 2013
This chapter addresses legal issues relating to the German occupation of Norway from 1940 to 1945, with a particular focus on the occupying state's interference in the internal affairs of the occupied state. Norway had a peculiar arrangement during the war, where the appointed 'national' fascist government supported the occupying force. The author uses the example of Norway to demonstrate how requirements of humanity represent a driving force in the development of international humanitarian law, and that even if an occupying force may try to camouflage its actions by legal terms, considerations of morality or humanity may override the positive law.