Military occupation of Eastern Karelia by Finland in 1941-1944 : was international law pushed aside?
Searching for a "principle of humanity" in international humanitarian law
Cambridge [etc.] : Cambridge University Press, 2013
This chapter addresses legal issues relating to the Finnish occupation of Eastern Karelia from 1941 to 1944. He provides a most sombre presentation of the circumstances and considerations that led to the invasion, and of the goals and intentions behind it. In describing Finnish efforts to create an ethnically clean Eastern Karelia and to annex the area, the author shows that the occupying forces' treatment of the civilian population involved inhuman acts contrary both to the 1907 Hague Regulations and the Martens Clause, including humanitarian considerations. He also describes, and criticises, the post-war tendency in Finland to present the occupation in a positive light.