What have women got to do with peace ? : a gender analysis of the laws of war and peacemaking
Benedetta Faedi Duramy
Law and outsiders : norms, processes and "othering" in the twenty-first century
Oxford ; Portland : Hart, 2011
This chapter offers an engaged analysis of the impact that armed conflicts have on women and the diverse roles women might conceivably play in peacemaking. Recalling the original theories of international law, the first part recounts how historical chronicles and modern authors have depicted women in wartime. Primarily portrayed as victims of brutalisation and sexual violence, women were confined to the private realm and, thus, excluded from the decision-making processes of war and peace. The second part of this chapter examines the international humanitarian law provisions dealing with women in armed conflict. Commencing with the outrages perpetrated during the two world wars, the analysis follows the evolution of international law pertaining to women in wartime. The third part of this chapter recounts the mass rape and sexual violence atrocities committed against women during the Yugoslavian and Rwandan conflicts in the 1990s. The fourth part reflects the fact that, despite these achievements, women remain in war, as in peace, secluded from decision-making processes. Specifically it recounts the struggle of women for peace in Liberia and Sierra Leone. Finally, the last part suggests lessons that may be drawn from previous women's struggles and experiences in conflict.