Hossein Askari provides fresh insight and a novel approach to reducing intrastate and interstate conflicts and wars. War and its consequences have been mankind's greatest failure since the dawn of time. Professor Askari examines the nature of modern conflicts and wars, which are increasingly intrastate and regional and overwhelmingly the offspring of earlier disputes. He looks into the recent conflicts in the Persian Gulf - the Iran-Iraq war and the two Gulf wars - to extract how modern-day conflicts are bred in a region that a has been a major importer of arms. He assesses the methodologies for measuring the fallout of conflicts and calculates their cost in the Persian Gulf. This sets the stage for Professor Askari to provide his road map for the prevention of conflicts. He bases his approach on three interrelated propositions : aggressors do not pay the full price of their aggression ; governments will do nothing to change this state of affairs on their own ; and, as a result, the process of reducing conflicts must originate in the private sector.
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