International law and the classification of conflicts
Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2012
This chapter examines the phases of the hostilities in Iraq with the goal of determining their normative basis and any effect that the transition between them had on operations. It begins with an extended discussion of the various phases and their corresponding classification. The views of the parties to the conflict are also discussed, although the fact that there was little controversy about classification during the different phases of the hostilities renders this discussion a brief one. The chapter also explores the topic of how classification of the conflict affected operations and addresses more specifically the issues of rules on opening fire and detention. Since the case of Iraq offers a unique example of relatively clear transition through the stages of conflict, other legal issues deriving from classification, such as the activities of occupants, are also highlighted.