In 2004, the Government of Uganda referred the situation in northern Uganda - where the Government was embroiled in an armed conflict with the rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army - to the International Criminal Court. Lately, the Government has embarked on a transitional justice process to deal with the effects of the conflict internally. This raises the question wether the ICC should defer to the Government's efforts on the basis of the complementarity principle, notably with respect to its arrest warrants against the LRA commanders. In this contribution, it is argued that the Court's admissibility determination should be informed by grassroots perceptions regarding appropriate transitional justice approaches towards reconciliation. The Court may want to critically engage with preconceived Western notions of accountability and retribution in post bellum situations, and possibly countenance "alternative" or somewhat more "lenient" sentencing of LRA leaders in the interest of peace and reconciliation.
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